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Training Theories :.

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  • #46
    Originally posted by Epifiny View Post
    warrior.. a million thank yous for providing this information.
    No problem - lots of good ideas out there... and even if a theory doesn't pan out right, you always learn a little more about yourself. So it's never a lost. Repeatedly doing the same thing is worst than trying something new and deciding it isn't for you.
    Ramblings and gear: : 500-word winners in 2008

    Muscular Development Forum Rules :.


    • #47
      Warrior, have you heard of omni reps, i believe it's another from poliquin , read something on it a while ago and now can't seem to find it again...thanks


      • #48
        I started Needsize's 5x5 routine today starting with chest and calves. I've been training seriously for about 8 months so I'm still pretty new to all of this. I had a question pertaining to the supersetting.

        When I did the workout today I did the 5x5 of the flat bench straight through with about a 1.5-2min rest in between sets, and then supersetted the incline dumbbell press and chest flys with about a min of rest in between. Is this kind of what he means by supersetting? I workout at a small gym and don't want to be the guy that ties up numerous pieces of equipment. If someone could clarify how to superset with his routine it would be greatly appreciated, cause I'm a little unclear. Thanks


        • #49
          Originally posted by fortysixandtwo View Post
          I started Needsize's 5x5 routine today starting with chest and calves. I've been training seriously for about 8 months so I'm still pretty new to all of this. I had a question pertaining to the supersetting.

          When I did the workout today I did the 5x5 of the flat bench straight through with about a 1.5-2min rest in between sets, and then supersetted the incline dumbbell press and chest flys with about a min of rest in between. Is this kind of what he means by supersetting? I workout at a small gym and don't want to be the guy that ties up numerous pieces of equipment. If someone could clarify how to superset with his routine it would be greatly appreciated, cause I'm a little unclear. Thanks
          Honestly, since you've only been training consistently for about 8 months, I would suggest you do the Poliquin German Volume Training system first... then, after progression with that stalls, rest a week, then move on to the 5X5 split. The extra volume now will pay greater dividends toward increased intensity later.

          Supersets are two exercises that are performed without rest - giantsets are three or more. They are sometimes written this way in program designs:
          A-1: Exercise 1
          A-2: Exercise 2

          B-1: Exercise 3
          B-2: Exercise 4

          Where A and B are two different supersets.
          To superset two exercises: you would fatigue on one, then immediately pick up with the following movement - train it to failure, drop the weight and terminate the set. Rest. That's one set - a superset. Often, supersets aren't repeated more than once or twice - more often than that is analogous to kicking a dead horse.
          Ramblings and gear: : 500-word winners in 2008

          Muscular Development Forum Rules :.


          • #50
            Thanks Warrior for your input and for the routines you've posted. I'll read through the German Volume training routine and give it a go. Time to hit the weights


            • #51
              Awesome posts warrior. Some great info. Any tips for diet plans for the Lactic Acid Training programs??


              • #52
                5/3/1 is sweet to i gotta pull up all my info on it, along with the new west side barebell, its pretty sweet. I think defranco is on the 4th version no, but instead of Dynamic effort upper body days, you actually rep it out.


                • #53
                  hit me up if you want some info.


                  • #54
                    Very useful information for everyone and anyone. Great thread and writeup.


                    • #55
                      POWER ... REP RANGE ... SHOCK Time to Grow Without Plateau

                      For those of you out there that have been training for more than a couple of years, I’d like you to take a little trip down memory lane with me...Remember back in the beginning, when you first started training, when new muscle and more power came almost every week? When the main goal at every training session was simply to add more weight to the bar and get it from point A to B in any way possible. When every night you would hop on the scale after the last meal of the night (of course when you would be at your heaviest for the day) and be thrilled to see that you weighed ½ a lb more than the night before. When all you had to do to gain muscle was to eat more, train more, sleep more, and abracadabra, alacazam, presto...there was more, of YOU!!

                      Ahhh, those were good times, weren’t they? But as all intermediate to advanced bodybuilders know...all good things come to an end. After about the first year of training, gains begin to slow down, weights don’t climb quite as easily, and the scale doesn’t budge like it once did. Despite your best efforts in the gym, pounding away on the same exercises for the same range of reps on the same days, nothing seems to be happening anymore. What’s the deal?

                      The fist thing you must understand is that muscles are not just lumps of tissue. Muscles are extremely complex structures that like onions have many layers that need to be peeled before reaching the core. So, without turning this into a class in anatomy and physiology, let’s just take a quick and basic look inside these molehills we all wish to turn into mountains...our muscles.

                      Muscle is composed of bundles of muscle fibers also known as myofibers. Each fiber contains myofibrils, which themselves are composed of small bundles of myofilaments. The myofilaments are made up of two proteins, known as actin and myosin, and are the elements of muscle that actually shorten upon contraction.. The actin and myosin function within the sarcomere to produce these contractions. The sarcomere is the smallest functional unit within muscle.

                      In general there are three distinct fiber types found in skeletal muscle. These three include: Type I, also known as slow-twitch or red fibers; Type IIA, and IIB, also known collectively as fast-twitch or white fibers.Type I are the slowest, smallest, and have the highest level of endurance of all the fibers. They are most active in slow movements and long-term aerobic activities, and take a long time to fatigue. Next come the Type IIA and the Type IIB fibers, which are the fastest, largest, and least endurance oriented in the group. They are most active in short-term quick-burst or power activities. They are powered entirely through the anaerobic (without oxygen) system, and contract nearly twice as fast as slow twitch fibers, but fatigue much more rapidly. It is important to remember, however, that within our muscles there also lies “intermediate” fiber types that show both high oxidative and fast-twitch characteristics.

                      As you contract a muscle, each fiber type is recruited in a specific order. The smallest (lowest threshold) fibers, the Type I, are recruited first. As the speed or force of contraction is increased, you will sequentially recruit the intermediate fibers, and then the Type IIA and IIB muscle fibers. However, to recruit the Type IIB fibers it may take over 90% of a maximal contraction!

                      All people are born with these muscle fiber types. Most muscles contain almost an even split of these basic slow (Type I) and fast (Type II) fibers, with of course intermediate fibers that lie along the continuum between them. There is of course some genetic variation between different muscles, and from individual to individual. Some people are “born” to run marathons (slow-twitch dominant), while others are born to run sprints (fast-twitch dominant...and very lucky if they want to be a bodybuilder).

                      Although it is the Type II fibers that have the greatest potential for hypertrophy, in order to obtain maximal muscle size, it is imperative that we regularly train ALL of our muscle fibers. Why limit ourselves to only maximizing the potential of a portion of our fibers? Doesn’t it make sense that in order to come as close as possible to our genetic limits that we strive to “get at” every last fiber in each of our muscles? Of course! In addition, muscles also become larger due to other adaptions to training aside from actual fiber hypertrophy. Enhanced muscle size also occurs by way of increases in mitochondrial enzymes, increases in stored ATP and phosphocreatine, increases in stored glycogen and triglyceride, and also from the laying down of additional capillary beds.

                      So now the question is... “How do we go about successfully working all of our muscle fibers as well as stimulating all of the other pathways associated with maximum muscle hypertrophy?” The answer can be summed up in one simple word...VARIATION! After you have laid a foundation in your first couple of years of lifting weights, it is time to start to vary your training. Too many misguided trainees use the same exercises, in the same order, with the same rep tempo, rest between sets, training techniques, and rep after day...week after week...and month after month! You must understand that the human body is an incredibly adaptable machine and thus will quickly cease to respond to stimuli that it is exposed to time and again. Do you know what one of the biggest roadblocks to progress, in anything that we do, is? Doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result! That’s just plain craziness!

                      Now that I (hopefully) have you convinced that variation is your friend, your question to me probably is, “Ok hotshot...sounds good, but how do I go about this?” The answer lies in something called P/RR/S, which is short for POWER, REP RANGE, SHOCK. “Cool name...but what the heck is it?” Another fine question! It is a method of cycling workouts that I developed after lifting weights for more than a dozen years, utilizing every training technique and program I had ever seen, or read about, along the way. In those 12 + years of training I had gone from a 125 lb weakling, who could barely bench press the 45 lb bar, to a 225 lb title winning bodybuilder that could bench press 400 + lbs...all without the aid of drugs. However, although I had done nicely, adding about 100 lbs to my frame, I still wanted more, but was not getting it. I had hit a wall and could not climb over it, or go around it. This forced me to examine everything I was doing in order to come up with a new plan of attack. I felt my diet and supplementation were solid, so I began focusing more on my training. Over the course of several months I slowly developed a program that had me gaining again, and before I knew it, I was up to 250 lbs, and feeling stronger than ever! The reason I named this program POWER, REP RANGE, SHOCK will be apparent in just a moment, but I must tell you that I can honestly say that I have seen more consistent progress using this system than on another other I have ever tried. I have used P/RR/S for four straight years now and I am continually getting bigger and better. Of course, the system has continued to metamorphosize along the way as I continually tweak it in order to make it even more efficient at stimulating hypertrophy. In fact, I have developed several “hybrid” P/RR/S programs to fit the unique needs of different trainees, based on goals and level of experience. But I am getting ahead of myself. What I would like to present to you at this time is the basic P/RR/S plan, so that you can get an idea what this is all about.
                      CEO BBuilt International
                      PRO BODYBUILDER
                      PRRS/FDFS PIONEER


                      • #56
                        So, ready to grow? Read on...

                        Week 1: POWER
                        The goal during POWER week is to make a direct attack on the Type II A and II B muscle fibers, with an emphasis on the II B’s. These are the higher threshold fibers and the way we get at them is with heavy weights. The goal for this week is to utilize weights that allow for 4-6 reps to failure. The way in which you perform your reps is of great importance during POWER week. I have found that an eccentric (negative) contraction of about 4 seconds followed immediately by an explosive concentric (positive) contraction works best at nailing those fast-twitch fibers. Remember...even though you will be attempting to explode with the weight during the positive portion of the rep, it will not move very quickly at all due to the heavy load you are lifting. Rest between sets is also very important. Since you want to be able to lift as heavy as possible during POWER week, you will be resting about 4-5 minutes between sets in order to fully regenerate ATP and creatine phosphate stores in the muscle cells. As far as the exercises go, choose those that are basic or compound in nature. These include movements like bench presses, squats, deadlifts, military presses and bent rows. POWER week workouts will not impart a tremendous pump, but rather will make your muscles feel as if they’ve been smashed with a wrecking ball.

                        Rep Goal: 4-6
                        Rest Between Sets: 4-5 minutes
                        Lifting Tempo: 4/0/X
                        Exercises: Mostly compound

                        Here is an example of a typical POWER workout for chest:
                        1-Bench Press: 4 x 4-6
                        2-Incline Dumbell Press: 3 x 4-6
                        3-Weighted Dips: 2-3 x 4-6

                        Week 2: REP RANGE
                        As I mentioned earlier there are several fiber types that lie along the continuum between Type I and Type II muscle fibers. The goal of REP RANGE week is to show these “intermediary” fibers no mercy! We will accomplish this by using three distinct rep ranges (hence the name of this week) for three separate exercises for each body part. The first exercise will be to failure in the 7-9 rep range. The second will be to failure in the 10-12 rep range. The final exercise will be to failure in the 13-15 rep range.

                        In order to make the stimulus this week even more unique from the POWER week, you will also change your rep tempo. Both the eccentric and concentric portion of each rep should take 2 seconds to complete, while the mid-point of the movement (isometric contraction) should be held for one full second. Additionally, if you happen to be using a movement that contains a strong “peak contraction effect,” such as leg extensions, you are also encouraged to hold this portion of the rep for one full second before you begin the eccentric portion of the rep. The exercises used this week should be both compound and isolation in nature, with free weights, machines and cables all being fair game. One particularly effective approach is to choose a free weight compound movement for the 7-9 rep range; a free weight isolation movement for the 10-12 rep range; and a machine or cable movement for the 13-15 rep range. Of course, you are encouraged to experiment a bit to get an idea of what feels most effective to you. Rest between sets during REP RANGE week will be 2-3 minutes. You can expect a tremendous pump from REP RANGE week workouts, and some deep muscle soreness in the days that follow...but we love that kind of pain, don’t we!

                        Rep Goal: 7-9, 10-12, 13-15
                        Rest Between Sets: 2-3 minutes
                        Lifting Tempo: 2/1/2/1***
                        Exercises: Compound, Isolation, Machine or Cable
                        ***1 second hold at peak for certain exercises

                        Here is an example for a typical REP RANGE workout for shoulders:
                        1-Military Press: 4 x 7-9
                        2-Seated Side Lateral: 3 x 10-12
                        3-Reverse Pec Deck Flye: 2 x 13-15

                        Week 3: SHOCK
                        In my opinion, SHOCK week is the most intense and excruciating portion of this routine. It will without a doubt test your ability to withstand pain, fend off nausea, and fight back the tears! SHOCK week separates the men from the boys, the freaks from the fakes! The goal during this week is complete and utter annihilation of every fiber, from slow-twitch, right on down to the fast-twitch Type II A’s; to force your body to release natural GH like water from a collapsed damn; and to literally “force” your muscles to grow in a “do or die” like fashion! Each grueling session during shock week contains 2 different types of supersets and a punishing dropset for each major bodypart. The first superset will be performed in what is known as “pre-exhaust” fashion. This means that an isolation movement will be performed first, with a compound movement immediately after. The second superset will be what as known as “post activation,” made famous by Ironman contributing author Michael Gundill. In post activation supersets, it is the compound movement that proceeds the isolation movement. Each of these supersets provides a unique stimulus for both your muscles and nervous system. Once you have completed your supersets it is time for a dropset, which will complete the torture that you will impart on your muscles during SHOCK week. Reps for each exercise will be in the range of 8-10, and the tempo will become more rhythmic in nature. An eccentric contraction of just one second will be followed immediately by a concentric contraction of the same speed. There will be no resting (as long as you can handle it) at the top or bottom, as each rep should be performed in a “piston-like” fashion. Rest between sets should be long enough to allow you to catch your breath fully, as well as to prepare your mind for the next onslaught. Your individual level of cardiovascular conditioning, as well as your constitution, will determine the length of your rest. Free weights, cables, and machines are all utilized during SHOCK week. My warning to you is that you better be prepared when you enter the gym on SHOCK week, because every workout will leave you breathing with the intensity of a steam engine and a burn that will reach your very core! Fun!

                        Rep Goal: 8-10 (dropset is 8-10, drop, 6-8)
                        Rest Between Sets: cardiovascular and mental recovery
                        Lifting Tempo: 1/0/1
                        Exercises: Compound, Isolation, Machine or Cable

                        Here is a typical SHOCK workout for triceps:
                        1-Superset: Rope Pressdown/Lying Extension: 2 x 8-10 each
                        2-Superset: CG Bench Press/Underhand Grip Pressdown: 2 x 8-10 each
                        3-Dropset: Single Arm Overhead Dumbell Extension: 1 x 8-10, drop, 6-8

                        After you have completed the 3 week POWER, REP RANGE, SHOCK cycle, return to the beginning and repeat. With each cycle do your best to increase the weights you lift and/or the reps you achieve. After three full cycles I recommend that you take off one full week from the gym before returning to the program. After your break, you might want to switch up some or all of the exercises that you used in the cycle proceeding.

                        I would like to mention that the P/RR/S program that I presented in this article is not meant for beginners (although in a future article I will explain how those with less experience can begin to employ my system, as well as how more advanced lifters can work with an even more intense version). You can begin to use the program as presented here, after about two solid years in the gym.

                        So, if you have been training for some time, are stuck in a rut, or are looking to take your physique to the next level, POWER, REP RANGE, SHOCK training may just be your first class ticket to “FREAKVILLE!” Enjoy the ride my friends.
                        CEO BBuilt International
                        PRO BODYBUILDER
                        PRRS/FDFS PIONEER


                        • #57
                          FD/FS: Four Little Letters that Can Mean BIG GAINS!

                          Warning: For those Iron Man readers who are afraid of stretch marks, cannot afford to purchase a new wardrobe, or simply do not want to take up more space, please stop reading this article now! Just put the magazine down, slowly back away, grab the remote, and watch some Seinfeld reruns. “No soup for you!”

                          However, for the rest of you…the one’s that live to grow…sit back with your favorite protein drink, get comfortable, and read my words, because I have a feeling that what follows may be of great interest to you!

                          The wonderful thing about bodybuilding is, just like life, it is a constant and ongoing learning process. Nobody has all the answers, but if you keep your eyes (and mind) open wide enough, you will slowly but surely pick up more and more pieces of the puzzle.

                          Several years ago, I introduced a training system to the bodybuilding world called Power, Rep Range, Shock, which I believe contains many of these essential pieces. Most Iron Man readers are intimately familiar with my program, as I have written several articles about it right here in these pages, as well as on many sites all over the Internet. In addition, Steve Holeman and Jonathan Lawson have been utilizing P/RR/S in combination with X-Reps for the last several months, and writing about their experiences in the popular Train, Eat, Grow column.

                          However, for those of you that might be new to Iron Man, and/or have not had the opportunity to read about my P/RR/S training program (what are you living under a rock?), I think it is important for me to quickly go over the main points, as it is this original program that was the genesis for the material that lies ahead. For those of you that are already P/RR/S users, consider this a quick refresher course!

                          Basic P/RR/S Training

                          Power, Rep Range, Shock is a cyclical approach to lifting weights in which you utilize a unique training protocol every week (in 3-week cycles), with the goal of tapping into all of the body’s various growth mechanisms. Each of the three weeks is meant to bring about a specific physiological effect, so that your body cannot adapt to any one form of training, which would eventually result in stagnation. P/RR/S addresses muscle growth from a variety of angles, and allows significant progress to take place on a very consistent, and long-term, basis.

                          Week # 1 is POWER training, and it is meant to annihilate the highest threshold fast twitch muscle fibers, increase raw strength, and stimulate a greater amount of natural testosterone to course through your veins. Here is the outline for a basic POWER week, along with a sample workout for back:

                          Rep Goal: 4-6
                          Rest Between Sets: 3-5 minutes
                          Lifting Tempo: 4/0/X
                          Exercises: Mostly compound

                          1-Rack Deadlift: 4 x 4-6
                          2-Weighted WG Pull-ups: 3 x 4-6
                          3-Underhand Grip BB Bent Row: 3 x 4-6
                          4-CG Seated Cable Row: 3 x 4-6

                          Week # 2 is REP RANGE training, the goal of which is tear through all the intermediary muscle fibers that lie along the continuum from Type I to Type II, induce capillarization, and to stimulate growth producing metabolic adaptations within muscle cells. Here is the outline for a basic REP RANGE week, along with a sample workout for triceps:

                          Rep Goal: 7-9, 10-12, 13-15, 16-20
                          Rest Between Sets: 2-3 minutes
                          Lifting Tempo: 2/1/2/1***
                          Exercises: Compound, Isolation, Machine or Cable

                          ***1-second hold at peak contraction for certain exercises (ex. Leg Extensions).

                          1-Smith CG Bench Press: 2 x 7-9
                          2-Lying Triceps Extension: 2 x 10-12
                          3-Rope Pushdown: 2 x 13-15
                          4-Dumbbell Kickback: 2 x 16-20

                          Week # 3 is SHOCK training, and a true test of your ability to withstand searing muscle pain! The burn and lactic acid that SHOCK workouts produce will help flood your system with natural GH, literally bathing your cells in one of the most powerful muscle producing, fat incinerating hormones known to science! Here is the outline for a basic SHOCK week, along with a sample workout for delts:

                          Rep Goal: 8-10 (dropset is 8-10, drop, 6-8)
                          Rest Between Sets: cardiovascular and mental recovery
                          Lifting Tempo: 1/0/1
                          Exercises: Compound, Isolation, Machine or Cable

                          1-Superset: Seated Side Lateral/Behind the Neck Press: 2 x 8-10 each
                          2-Superset: WG Cable Upright Row/Bent Lateral: 2 x 8-10 each
                          3-Dropset: Barbell Front Raise: 1 x 8-10, drop, 6-8

                          Once you have completed the 3-week P/RR/S cycle, return to the beginning and repeat, with the intention of training more intensely on the following cycle. I suggest you use the same exercises for three straight cycles, and try to lift heavier weight and/or increase your reps at each workout. After three full P/RR/S cycles either take a complete week off from the gym, or at least train at low intensity for one week to allow for repair and recovery of joints, muscles, and the CNS. Upon returning to P/RR/S, feel free to switch some or all of the exercises, and prepare to push even harder through the next three cycles.

                          The Next Step

                          Like I mentioned earlier, bodybuilding is a constant learning process, and a pursuit where complacency is not welcome (not under my watch!). Even though I knew I had hit upon something wonderful with P/RR/S training, I still took it upon myself to dig deeper. This led me to an advanced version of my program, which I presented to Iron Man readers in a 2006 article entitled, “Power, Rep Range, Shock 2. Variations and Advanced Techniques.” And while the protocols that I presented in that piece once again raised the bar on muscle growth, I have to admit I still remained unsatisfied and hungry for more! I suppose this relentless pursuit of better and more efficient ways to stimulate hypertrophy can be looked upon as somewhat compulsive, but long ago I decided to make it my life’s work to not only explore the outer limits of my own genetic potential, but to help as many others as possible do this as well.

                          And here we are. So take a big breath, and put on some comfortable shoes, because I now invite you to take the next step!

                          First Things First

                          Before going forward I want to take a little time to discuss what muscle growth means and what is really happening when it occurs. Most often people relate hypertrophy to an increase in “protein synthesis,” or the production of new cellular proteins from amino acids. However, the process is far more complex than this, requiring an overwhelming cascade of physiological events to occur in a specific order, while dozens of bodily hormones and chemicals rush into action. To discuss all of this in depth would take the space of entire book, and likely bore you tears, so let’s skip to the meat and potatoes of this whole thing because I really don’t want any of you to fall asleep, or even worse, dehydrate (and besides, meat and potatoes are yummy).

                          In order for muscle hypertrophy to occur, new cells (known as satellite cells) must fuse with existing muscle fibers. Normally these satellite cells are dormant, and sit “minding their own business” adjacent to muscle fiber sarcolemma.

                          An intense weight-training workout can serve as a trigger for satellite cell activation, leading to the first stage of hypertrophy, known as proliferation. It is at this point that these cells will begin to divide and multiply, forming into myoblasts. The myoblasts then fuse with existing muscle fibers and donate their nuclei in a process called differentiation. Because muscle cells contain many nuclei, increasing their number allows the cell to regulate more cytoplasm, inducing more actin and myosin (the two main contractile proteins in skeletal muscle) to be produced. This increases overall cell size and protein content, leading to a larger muscle mass.
                          So, in a nutshell, what bodybuilding comes down to is a continuous process of damage and repair, over and over. Hard weight training traumatizes our muscles, causing injury to the fibers, leading the body to respond by not only repairing the damage, but also making the muscle fibers bigger and stronger in the process (however, this is only if the body is given the proper rest and flooded with enough nutrients to do so).

                          What this means to you is that if you are not training intensely enough to damage your muscle fibers, your body will never turn on the anabolic “machinery” necessary to force hypertrophy to take place. And, even if you do train hard enough, but don’t give your body the building blocks necessary (via food and supplements) to complete the repair and building process, you will continually take one step back, and one step forward…leaving you literally standing still.
                          CEO BBuilt International
                          PRO BODYBUILDER
                          PRRS/FDFS PIONEER


                          • #58
                            Enter FD/FS Training!

                            FD/FS stands for “Fiber Damage/Fiber Saturation,” and is a training method I have been working with and tweaking over the last 8 months, while looking to add some significant muscle mass to areas that I consider weak points. I should mention that in no way have I abandoned P/RR/S training, but have used FD/FS to greatly augment it.

                            With FD/FS the workout is basically broken into 2 phases. In the first phase (fiber damage), the goal is to utilize training protocols known to cause significant micro-trauma in the muscle fibers. As I mentioned earlier, this is a necessary step to setting the growth process in motion. The techniques to be used in order to achieve this goal with the utmost precision are: 1) Heavy Weights, 2) Eccentric Emphasis, and 3) Stretch Under Tension. If you have ever performed a workout using any of these methods, you more than likely felt a good degree of soreness in the target muscles over the following days, which is indicative of the type fiber damage we are looking for. However, when all of these techniques are combined properly, you definitely will experience a whole new level of muscle pain, ache (the good kind!) and stiffness. Now that is all well and good, but remember, your body must be able to not only repair all of this damage, but also reinforce the muscle fibers by making them larger and stronger. Digging a whole is fine, as long as you not only refill the hole, but also pile some new dirt on top! Got it?

                            This is where the second phase of the workout comes in (and where the magic happens)…fiber saturation. Once you have damaged the muscle fibers the goal is to now bathe them with as much nutrient/hormone-rich blood as humanly possible. That’s right, it’s time to chase the pump…big time! In other words, I don’t want you to wait to get home for the recovery process to begin. I want you to facilitate immediate repairs, and take advantage of the fact that during a workout (especially when high repetitions are involved) there is as much as five times the normal amount of blood flowing directly to the muscles than when at rest! In my experimentation with various FS protocols, I have found that what works best are: 1) Very High Repetitions, 2) Continuous Tension, and 3) Post Activation Supersets (compound movement followed by isolation movement). The goal when performing FS sets is to use a “piston-like” tempo, where the weight is almost constantly moving. There is no time for “stretch and squeeze,” as all we wish to do is force so much blood into the target muscle that it feels like it may burst! The muscle has already undergone the trauma necessary during FD, and now it is time to nourish it!

                            Speaking of Nourishment…

                            In order for FD/FS training to work to its potential, there is also a nutritional protocol to be used along with the program. The types of training techniques utilized during the FD phase are very brutal on both the muscles and CNS, which is why the FS stage of the workout is a necessary component. Since there will be a tremendous amount of blood traveling to the muscles during FS, we can take further advantage of this by overloading the system with certain nutrients before, during, and right after training. The period starting from right before the workout to immediately after is your greatest opportunity nutritionally to hasten the muscle building process!

                            A Better Look

                            Now that I have verbally bombarded you with “what’s” and “why’s” of FD/FS, lets take a look at what a typical day of training might have in store with a sample chest workout for both intermediate and advanced trainees (beginners have no place dabbling in such advanced training methods just yet).

                            Intermediate FD/FS Workout:

                            -Bench Press…2 x 3-4 (3/0/X tempo)
                            -Incline Press…2 x 5-6 (6/1/1 tempo)
                            -Incline DB Flye…2 x 7-8 (2/4/1 tempo)
                            -Machine Bench Press…1 x 30-40 (1/0/1 tempo; non-lock-out reps)
                            -Smith Incline Press…1 x 30-40 (1/0/1 tempo; non-lock-out reps)
                            -Cable Crossover…1 x 30-40 (1/0/1 tempo)

                            *Rest between sets on first three movements should be about 2-3 minutes. Rest between sets of last three movements should be no more than 1-2 minutes.

                            Advanced FD/FS Workout:

                            -Bench Press…2 x 3-4 + 1-2 forced reps (3/0/X tempo)
                            -Smith Incline Press…2 x 2-3 +1 + 1 + 1 rest/pause style (6/1/1 tempo) or…Eccentric Only Smith Incline Press**…2 x 5-6 (6 second negatives)
                            -Incline DB Flye…2 x 7-8 (2/4/1 tempo)
                            -Machine Bench Press…2 x 30-40 (1/0/1 tempo; non-lock-out reps)
                            -Superset: Machine Dips (1/0/1 tempo; non-lock-out reps) /Pec Deck (1/0/1 tempo)…1 x 20-25 each

                            *Rest between sets on first three movements should be about 2-3 minutes. Rest between sets of high rep movement should be no more than 1-2 minutes. Rest between exercises during superset should be no more than 15 seconds.
                            **When performing an eccentric only set you must have one to two spotters available to lift the weight back into the start position. Remember, most trainees are 30-40% stronger when lifting eccentrically than concentrically.

                            Feed the Machine

                            As I discussed, the nutritional aspect of this program is almost as important as the workouts themselves. In fact, I would say that FD/FS training is about 30-40% more effective for muscle hypertrophy when the following protocol is utilized. It was not until I began using this exact approach that my gains began to skyrocket, allowing me to add about 8 lbs over a 3-week period of FD/FS!

                            45 minutes before training:

                            -Whey Protein Isolate…50 grams
                            -Waxy Maize Starch or Maltodextrin…50 grams
                            -Vitamin C…1000 mg
                            -Phosphatidylserine…800 mg

                            Sip starting 15 minutes before workout and then throughout workout:

                            -Waxy Maize Starch or Maltodextrin…25 grams
                            -Gatorade or similar drink containing electrolytes and glucose…25 grams
                            -Essential Amino Acids 5-10 grams
                            -BCAA’s…15-20 grams
                            -Glutamine…15-20 grams
                            -Creatine…5 grams
                            -Beta Alanine…3 grams

                            15 minutes post workout:

                            -Whey Protein Isolate…50 grams
                            -Waxy Maize Starch or Maltodextrin…50 grams
                            -Antioxidant Blend (I like Radox by Syntrax)…1 serving

                            *Other ingredients can be used as well at all three times, such as ATP, citrulline, arginine, ALA, etc, but the above is more than enough to feed your muscles what they need.


                            Because of the extremely demanding nature of FD/FS training I highly recommend that it only be utilized during periods of the year when gaining muscle mass is the primary goal. You need to be well fed and well rested to fully reap the rewards of this program. With the exception of the most advanced bodybuilders, and/or those that do not train drug-free, I do not feel that FD/FS should be used during a cutting phase.

                            Further, FD/FS was not created for continual use, and should be cycled in and out of your regular training regimen, whether it be Power/Rep Range/Shock, DC, HIT, or any other method. It should only be used for 2-3 weeks periods or both physical and/or mental burnout can occur. Consider FD/FS as a “short burst” mega-mass gaining strategy!

                            Oh shoot, look what time it is, I gotta go! It’s time for me to go see my psychotherapist. You see, he is a client of mine and I had him try an FD/FS workout. He is now convinced that I am completely out of my mind, and desperately need help! But I don’t think I need a therapist…only a tailor!!
                            CEO BBuilt International
                            PRO BODYBUILDER
                            PRRS/FDFS PIONEER


                            • #59
                              I use the PRRS system. I change it up a bit though. I do 2 weeks of power, then 2 weeks of rep range, followed up by one week of shock.
                              P/RR/S Grow without plateau!


                              • #60
                                Oh, man. PRRS kicks ass! And if you supplement it with FD/FS...look out growth.

                                I've used both of the training methods for a good 4+ years and have had outstanding results. As an idea, you can even use FD/FS during Shock week and it is a spirit killer, but a muscle builder!
                                NGA PRO BODYBUILDER
                                Team P/RR/S Warrior